What is Type 2 Diabetes? Essential Facts You Need to Know

Diabetes is a life-long medical problem affecting a lot of people. In the US alone, there are about 27 million people diagnosed with diabetes. It affects the way your body deals with glucose. Diabetes could also lead to other medical problems.

The pancreas is the organ in the body which is responsible in making insulin. This hormone helps turn glucose into energy. People with Type 2 diabetes still have insulin, but the cells do not use the hormone properly to product energy.

The reason why sugar builds up in the body is because the pancreas could not keep up anymore. At first, it will try to create more insulin to get glucose into the cells. When it already produced a lot, it will start to give up.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Genetics could be a reason why you might be diagnosed of diabetes. If someone in your family has been diagnosed of this illness, there is a chance that you will have it too.

Obesity could also be a factor behind this disease. Being obese could lead to insulin resistance which is the primary reason for having type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic issues might also be another factor in having this disease. Having extra fat around the waist indicates that you have high cholesterol and triglycerides.

What are the possible indicators?

If you are yet to get a diagnosis from your doctor, you might have to do it soon especially if you are currently suffering from high blood pressure. You might also have problems related to the heart and blood vessel.

Being overweight is also an indicator that you have diabetes. For babies, weighing over nine pounds is a negative sign.

You could also check your skin if there are dark rashes especially around the neck and armpit area. If so, you might have acanthosis nigricans, which could also be a sign of having diabetes.

What are the risk factors?

Apart from genetics, you may also be diagnosed of diabetes if you are physically inactive. Having little to no exercises increases the chances.

Smoking is also a possible reason. Diabetes is just one disease on top of everything else that you might develop when you smoke a lot.

Stress could also increase the chances. Several studies showed that stress could lead to serious illnesses apart from diabetes.

How can diabetes be treated?

You cannot change what you have done before, but you can find a way to solve the problem moving forward. You can start by being physically active and doing activities like swimming, running and jogging.

You also need to eat right. Let go of highly processed carbs, sweet drinks and foods with saturated fats, including red meat.

Quit smoking now before things get worse. Seek help on how you can let go of your addiction

Now that you understand what is type 2 diabetes, you have to find a way to avoid it. If you start feeling the symptoms, you need to immediately consult with your doctor. After the diagnosis, you have to follow the recommendations and stick to it. Some people with diabetes make things worse for them because they are too hard-headed. They still eat foods that are unhealthy. They continue smoking and drinking. They think that they can still contain the problem so they decide not to follow the advice of their doctors.

Although some people whose parents have diabetes have increased chances of acquiring the disease as well, it does not mean that you will not take care of your health anymore. You can limit the effects of the disease if you start maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

What are Signs of Diabetes That Should Sound the Alarm?

Insulin resistance is the primary sign that someone has diabetes. The body produces insulin which is a hormone responsible in converting glucose into energy. If the body becomes insulin resistant due to diabetes, the amount of sugar in the blood increases. It could lead to potential complications like heart attack.

Although type 1 diabetes can be detected among children, type 2 diabetes might not be diagnosed until later in life. Obesity and inactivity are also associated with diabetes. The disease could also be genetically determined. If a family member has diabetes, the chances that you will have it will also increase.

You need to know what are signs of diabetes first so that you can head to your doctor and undergo tests to confirm if you have the disease.

Frequent urination

When you have excess glucose in the blood, the kidneys react by flushing it right away. Hence, your body produces more urine and leads to frequent urination.

You might also increase your chances of contracting Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) when you have diabetes. The chances are twice as likely as those who do not have the disease.

If you notice that you keep going back to the bathroom especially when you need to wake up in the middle of the night, it could be a sign.

Dry mouth and increased thirst

This symptom is a result of frequent urination. Since your body loses a lot of fluid and becomes dehydrated, it results to thirst and dry mouth.

Check if you are drinking more water than usual. You also need to check if your mouths feels dry all the time.

Unexpected weight loss

Since your cells do not get enough glucose, it could lead to possible weight loss. Frequent urination could also lead to the loss of more water and calories.

The cells are not correctly processing the nutrients in your body which could also be the reason for a potential drastic weight loss.

Foot pain and numbness

Since you have prolonged exposure to high blood sugar levels, it is possible that the nerves in your body become damaged. It is a condition referred to as diabetic neuropathy.

The symptoms include numbness, tingling sensation and pain on the extremities. This problem could happen to those who have been diagnosed with diabetes for over 25 years, but may also happen to those who have pre-diabetes.

It is quite alarming if you start seeing these signs. You need to act before things get worse. It helps if you consult with your doctor to receive formal diagnosis. You also need to get correct prescription to improve cellular activity in your body.

When your doctor tells you to change your lifestyle, you need to obey the recommendations. Make sure that you start losing weight by becoming more active. You can enroll in a local gym or try other physical activities like swimming, walking and hiking. Stop smoking and drinking now. They are not only going to increase the symptoms of diabetes, but may also lead to other potential illnesses.


Best Foods for Diabetes to Help Limit the Impact of the Disease

When diagnosed with diabetes, it is something that you will carry with you for a lifetime. It is a chronic disease with serious consequences. You can limit its impact though by changing your lifestyle.

You can start by becoming more physically active. Being inactive increases the percentage of fat in your body. As obesity is a leading cause of diabetes, you want to get up now and hit the gym. You can also do other physical activities like running, biking and swimming.

You also need to stop smoking and drinking now. Apart from complicating diabetes, it could also lead to other serious health issues like heart disease and lung cancer.

Changing your diet will also limit the impact of diabetes. You need to learn what foods to eat and which one to let go. These are the best foods for diabetes you need to start eating now.


You can eat raw vegetables to maximize their nutrients. However, roasted vegetables are also perfect for added flavor.

The good thing about vegetables is that they are low in carbs and fat. Mushrooms, eggplants and tomatoes are among the best choices.

You might also prefer eating salad, but you need to choose low-fat dressings lile hummus, guacamole and salsa. For added taste, you can use seasonings like rosemary and cayenne pepper.

Low-calorie drinks

If you want stick with plain water, it is an excellent idea. However, it is also okay if you choose water which is infused with fruits and vegetables.

Lemon and cucumber are among the best fruits to add to your water for taste. If you prefer drinking hot team, you can add lemon juice or cinnamon stick.

The best part about these drinks is that they are now only low in calorie, but they also help curb your cravings.

Whole grains

Although they still have carbs, the percentage is quite low which is safe for people with diabetes. The best options are legumes, including dried beans, lentils and peas.

If you love salsa, you can add black beans and corn. You can use it as a dipping sauce for your raw or cooked vegetables.

Protein-rich foods

You need protein to increase muscle strength. Meat is a good source of protein as long as you prefer lean meat over the fatty portions.

You can also have Greek yogurt and cottage cheese. Eggs are also perfect as a healthy protein source.

You need to avoid foods that are filled with unsaturated fats. Processed meat and other products should also be out of your list.

You might lessen the impact of diabetes and reduce the chances of complications if you stick to a healthy diet. However, if you cannot control yourself and still eat unhealthy foods, you will suffer in the end.

There is nothing you can do about having diabetes if you were already diagnosed, but changing your eating habits could help you. Do not feel like you already have a death sentence after the diagnosis.